Peat is a fuel source and provides a hot but slow burn, and the smoke imbues the barley with all sorts of flavors, leaving us with peated whisky
Peated Whisky basics
I few weeks back I was lucky enough to attend the Whiskey Weekend event at Julio's Liquor’s in Westbourgh, MA. They had a series of tasting events that lasted over several days, but the one I was most interested in was a tasting presented by Simon Brooking, US Beam Suntory Brand Ambassador. I have attend Simon's tastings before and have always come away impressed. He imparts wit, wisdom, and projects the best of Scottish hospitality...I always enjoy hearing Simon's talks. This time, Simon presented a tasting called The Peated Malts of Distinction. It was a master class on how peat is used in scotch production and the regional differences that peat can impart...a kind of terroir, giving us, peated whisky.
Diving into peat
So, how much detail do you want me to give? We can really dive in the deep end (and you know I'd do it, too!). Or just a general overview? Can I get a show of hands? Four, five, six...ok, we'll split the difference and go tiptoeing over the material. Here goes...
Peat is just decomposed plant materials in a water-saturated environment that is devoid of oxygen. Scotland's peat bogs are all over the region, so the type of plant material that creates the peat varies...in the Highlands the peat is more pine based, while on the islands it’s seaweed based. This regional difference imparts the peat with different flavor profiles…Highland peat has less nitrogen compounds than Islay peat, so it will have a relatively low intensity of peaty character compared to Islay's more intense character with high levels of smoke and burnt aromas.
Why do we care about peat in the first place? Peat is a fuel source and provides a hot but slow burn. Peat is used to dry the barley that has been partially germinated during the malting process, and the smoke imbues the malted barley with all sorts of flavors...aka some of the good stuff. Simon went into a lot of detail about each expression we were tasting, and I've included the highlights in my tasting notes below
The Peated Malts of Distinction
From Beam Suntory at Julio's Liquors, February 25, 2017
Connemara Original Single Malt Irish Whiskey
Connemara means “of the Sea”
Peat Phenols: 15 ppm (standard whiskies are 2-3 ppm)
- Nose: light smoke, light peat, caramel and honey
- Taste: light peat enters, honey, sweet, soft
- Finish: smooth at end, honey lingers
- Comments: Very nice
Glen Garrioch 1995
From the Highlands, Aberdeenshire
Phenols: 10-12 ppm
- Nose: chocolate, soft spice, soft peat (very mild)
- Taste: soft peat builds, starts sweet with honey and burnt sugar (matches the nose)
- Finish: building smoke that lingers
- Comments: Very good! I'd buy this one, but it isn't available for purchase any longer (sadness)
Phenols: 15 ppm
90% peated/10% unpeated
- Nose: stronger peat nose, pine
- Taste: smoky on tongue, little sweet but not aggressive, enters smooth, approachable for a medium peat; with water smooths out to more honey
- Finish: smoke lasts on tongue; with water, softer smoke but nice
Phenols: some barley at 2-3 ppm and some at 25 ppm, then blended
Peat and barley are imported...difference is the water (soft, filtered naturally)
Altitude gives lighter, sweeter style spirit, Japanese style whisky
- Nose: more body, not a lot of scent to discern
- Taste: oily, smoke, sharper, camping, green apple
- Finish: sharper smoke that lasts
- Comments: very different and hard to discern
Means “the big turn”
Bowmore is in a more protected part of Islay
Barley is floor malted above the peat fired malt kilns and hot smoked
Aging caves below sea level…cool, damp climate for a softer, gentler maturation
Aged in bourbon and sherry casks
- Nose: peatier
- Taste: drier, smoke with iodine, plum
- Finish: just the smoke, not sweet, alcohol
- Comments: not heavy peat, subtle and smooth
- Lustag Dry Sherry: plum, fruit, rich, sugar – tasted to see the influence on the whisky
Laphroaig Quarter Cask
Laphroaig means “the hollow by the bay”
Barley is floor malted above the peat fired malt kilns (peat heated, cooled, then more peat is packed to produce a blue smoke), smoked low and slow
Aged in Maker’s Mark bourbon barrels
Quarter Cask means more wood to whisky exposure giving more bourbon flavor
- Nose: here's the peat! ocean, greener, apple, smoke
- Taste: starts sweet, then dries, oily, ocean; tasted with orange, cuts alcohol and gets drier and smoother
- Finish: smoke that lasts; tasted with orange, sweet on tongue but doesn't last
- Comments: Smoke! My favorite!
- Maker's Mark Bourbon: lighter, spicier, with nutmeg, big and bold – tasted to see the influence on the whisky
I enjoyed the opportunity to compare all these different styles of peated whiskies. Being able to really detect the differences that the terroir gave to each expression helped me to open up my palate just that much more, and maybe gave me a few new adjectives to use as well. And as a person who loves to learn, I truly appreciated Simon’s presentation, giving details for each taste and an appropriate toast as well!
Got any comments about peated whisky? Do you like a lighter or a heavier style? Highland or Islay? Me, I'm definitely a peat girl, the smokier the better. It's where I started this scotch journey after all!
Slainté! L’chaim! Cheers!